A woman meets a female friend at the tennis club and asks: “Hey Alice, does your husband talk to you often?” Alice responds: “Oh yes. When he gets home from work, he always asks me what’s for dinner.”

By J.C. Scull from Unsplash

Gender Communication

Women are great communicators, or so it seems. Men are emotional clams; many women make this claim. But perhaps both sexes are being painted with broad strokes.

Could it be members of both sexes are equally effective communicators, but in different areas of daily life and in different ways? Could it also be that both men and women experience feelings, passions, emotions, and impulses deeply, but in dissimilar fashions?

Unfortunately, the gap between how both sexes communicate has gone a long way to exacerbate and deepen what we refer to as the “battle of the sexes.”

In fact, of all…

Understanding the way we acquire knowledge

By J.C. Scull


Developmental psychologist Howard Gardner’s 1983 book Frames of Mind: The Theory of Multiple Intelligences separates human intelligence into different abilities rather than a single general aptness as it was previously believed. He originally identified eight intelligences which will be detailed in this article.

The theory of multiple intelligences is valuable when assessing and developing methods of pedagogy. It is also an important tool in understanding how you and your children learn.

At the end of the article, the reader will find websites that offer tests based on this theory. …

His influence expanded all throughout Europe. Some say perhaps the entire world

Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=375113

The Colossus of the Nineteenth Century

Not since Joan of Arc has there been a greater champion of French cultural nationalism than Napoleon Bonaparte. He accomplished this by justifying French expansionism and military campaigns through the ideals of “liberty, equality and fraternity” which the French Revolution espoused. He rationalized his actions by claiming France had the right to spread these enlightened paragons across Europe. Principles he betrayed by becoming an emperor and dictator.

Notwithstanding his tyranny and insatiable appetite for conquest he brought about wide reaching social, economic, and political changes throughout Europe and perhaps the world. He managed this by giving the common people the…

Meet Trix — The reincarnation of Richard Nixon. Will he move up to a higher level of existence? Only if he is a good kitty.

Photo by J. C. Scull

Millions of years ago, in a parallel universe in which our laws of physics do not apply, a wonderful occurrence took place. Here, on the other side of the cosmos divide — where souls advance through reincarnation, rather than evolution — one particular soul came into existance in the body of an amoeba.

When it exactly happened, is unknown. Suffice it to say that after its creation, it endeavored to work its way through the hierarchy of beings in search of higher levels of existence. …


In literature as in movies, monsters represent our fears of the unknown. They constitute those aspects in our societies we see as uncontrollable and menacing. They have been with us since ancient Greek, Chinese, and Egyptian civilizations. The Cyclops in The Odyssey, the Camazotz from Mayan mythology and the Anglican-Celtic Gogmagog are but a few of the creatures humans have created.

They represent our darkest trepidation. Our desire to come together in a common purpose to defeat a seemingly unbeatable foe. …

Free to use with attribution Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)

Was she a femme fatale a seductress or just a queen trying to protect her throne?

She has captivated our imagination for centuries. And is said to have been a beautiful and mysterious seductress that put political and military titans Julius Caesar and Mark Antony under her spell. While we may never know what Cleopatra looked like or how she was in person, there are some basic facts about her life that are clear: for one, she wielded great power and ruled over one of the greatest kingdoms in the ancient Mediterranean region.

After 2,000 years, historians, writers and Hollywood producers of all sorts continue to attempt molding her enigmatic persona into an image that, more…

The proverbial glass ceiling seems to be a ubiquitous fixture within the halls of power. Given the opportunity, can women perform? Can they compete with their male counterparts?

By J.C. Scull

The Glass Ceiling

In 1978, little known Marilyn Loden, a mid-level manager at New York Telephone Co., was asked to attend the Women’s Exposition in New York City after the company’s only female vice president couldn’t make it. While there, her and four other women joined a panel titled “Mirror, Mirror on the Wall” which was to be discussing how women, and their self-image, were to blame for their lack of advancement in the workforce.

At New York Telephone, Loden, had been tasked with exploring why more women weren’t entering management positions, an issue that was beginning to gain some attention at the…


She became a spy for France during World War I but was suspected of being a double agent. She was executed in 1917.

At 5:00 AM on October 15, 1917, Mata Hari was awakened in her cell in the Prison de Saint-Lazare outside Paris. Father Arbaux, two sisters of charity, Captain Bouchardon, and Maitre Clunet, her lawyer, came to tell her this was the day she would die.

“May I write two letters?” she asked.

Captain Bouchardon gave consent and had pen, ink, paper, and some envelopes delivered to her. She sat up on her bed and passionately but quietly wrote the letters. She handed them over to her lawyer. …

The US Capitol has witnessed numerous acts of violence over the years. However, the murders that took place on this particular day were especially abominable.

A Capitol Police Honor Guard salutes the coffins of Officer Jacob Chestnut and Detective John Gibson in the Capitol Rotunda as they lie in repose. — Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=7531166

Covering well over 1.5 million square feet, several miles of corridors, and more than 600 rooms, the United States (U.S.) Capitol stands as one of our country’s symbols of freedom and democracy. Words that have reverberated through its halls and chambers have often found their way into the world’s history books.

It is the main location where the Senate and the House of Representatives meet to pass the country’s laws. Additionally, it is where presidents are inaugurated as well as deliver their annual State of the Union addresses. Perhaps, because of these highly politically charged events, emotions have often run…

Wikimedia Commons

Many women defied conventions and impersonated men in order to join armies in battle.

Women in the Military

Prior to the 20th century, women’s acceptance into fighting forces had been patently restrictive on a global scale. The vast majority of countries considered women the ‘weaker sex’, consequently relegating them to the duties of childbearing, raising children, domestic work, and caretaking.

In the 1800s, there were some exceptions to this rule. One notable example is an all-female rebel group during the Venezuelan War of Independence in the 1810s, led by Juana Ramirez. This 100-strong artillery unit was instrumental in resisting Spanish soldiers in their attempt to reconquer Venezuela. …

J.C. Scull

I write about culture, international trade, and history. Taught international business at two universities in Beijing, China. https://hubpages.com/@jcscull

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